An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is of life-threatening nature when bursting. AAA commonly occur in older men and among smokers. An AAA most often grows at a slow pace without any symptoms. During growth, some people may notice a pulsating feeling near the navel. Pain in the back, belly, or side may be signs of impending rupture.
Discontinuing smoking may deter growth. Small ones may only need monitoring. Aneurysms large in size or growing at a faster pace require immediate repair by means of surgical procedure.
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is used to treat the delay in ventricle contractions that occur in people with advanced heart failure meaning the heart’s pumping power is weaker than normal.
With heart failure, blood moves through the heart and body at a slower rate, and pressure in the heart increases.
A delay between the contraction of the right and left ventricles often occurs with heart failure, so the walls of the left ventricle are unable to contract at the same time. The biventricular pacemaker is an electronic device that is implanted under the skin. It has 2 or 3 leads that are positioned in the heart to help the heart beat in a more balanced way.
A valvuloplasty, also known as balloon valvuloplasty or balloon valvotomy, is a procedure to repair a heart valve that has a narrowed opening.
In this valve condition, the valve flaps (leaflets) may become thick or stiff, and they may fuse together (stenosis). This causes the valve opening to be narrowed and results in reduced blood flow through the valve.
If you have severe valve stenosis we may recommend a valvuloplasty to repair a mitral valve, aortic valve, or pulmonary valves. This procedure involves inserting a long, thin catheter with a balloon on the tip into an artery in your arm or groin. The catheter is guided to the valve using X-ray imaging. The ballon is then inflated, which expands the opening of the valve and separates the leaflets. The balloon is then deflated, and the catheter and balloon are removed.
Coronary angioplasty is a procedure used to open clogged heart arteries, a condition called atherosclerosis.
Atherosclerosis is the buildup of plaque in your heart’s blood vessels. Angioplasty involves temporarily inserting and inflating a tiny balloon where your artery is clogged to help widen the artery and is often combined with the permanent placement of a small wire mesh tube called a stent.
This helps to prop the artery open and decrease its chance of it narrowing again. Many stents are coated with medication to help keep your artery open.
Radiofrequency catheter ablation is a procedure that uses radiofrequency energy, similar to microwave heat, to destroy a small area of heart tissue that is causing rapid or irregular heartbeats. Destroying this tissue helps restore your heart’s regular rhythm.